It’s that time of year. The older birds are slowing down. The young pullets are ramping up. The switch happened last week. In terms of numbers, the young flock laid more eggs than the older birds. By weight, the older birds are still winning.
Recently we brought in 98 eggs. That’s pretty good for 200 birds in mid-October. But let’s break it down further. The 90 or so pullets (I lost count) gave us 58 small eggs. 110 or so older birds delivered the balance.
So it’s time to transition the flocks. Those 100+ older birds are nearly 30 months old and will soon achieve their ultimate purpose and our feed costs will be cut in half. Yes, 30 months old. We got more than two eggs/3 days per bird this year out of a flock that is well beyond the recommended time you should keep them. Granted, we were short on eggs last winter but for whatever reason Julie and I decided not to brood pullets in 2013, a decision we regretted in fall of 2013. But we learned our lesson and now it’s time for those old birds to go.
There is quite a lot to consider here. First, I need to plan to market those soup birds. This is rarely a problem…and is one Julie and I prefer to solve with our own soup pot. But many customers enjoy the rich broth you can only get from an older bird.
But there is another issue. Our customers have come to expect giant eggs which, again, you can only get from an older bird. I have been offering steep discounts on tiny pullet eggs for the last month or so. A pullet egg, if you have never tried one, is the essence of egg distilled into a concentrated package. Less egg, more WOW! Normally all eggs are the same price but for now we are selling the small eggs at a 25% discount. It won’t be long and the new flock will begin to lay medium and large eggs but as the days continue to shorten the number of eggs will continue to shrink.
But there is also the issue of flock management. We plan to have the new birds in the greenhouse on Nov. 1 to simplify our chores for winter and to minimize pasture disturbance and stress. That will surely help. But the greenhouse is not ready. It is not surrounded by electric fence, it’s surrounded by weeds. The roosts and nest boxes are not there, they are in use elsewhere. So what’s a farmer to do?
Work. These really aren’t problems to solve, just chores to do. The real problem to solve is how am I going to get by without hens on pasture? They do a lot of work for me adding fertility and spreading out cow pies, not to mention entertainment value. It’s a lot of fun to open the chicken house before sunrise and close it again after sunset, checking under the house for anybody trying to camp out.
The retiring flock is a big mix of birds. We ordered a few hundred Sil Go Link pullets from Central Hatchery as well as some heritage Rhode Island Reds. The RIR birds they shipped grew up to be monster chickens and excellent in every way. Good layers, plenty of heft, thrifty on pasture. The Sil Go Link were surprisingly variable in color as can be seen on their site. We had black, white, white with black spots and red. These have done a great job of laying for us no matter the season. We also bought 50 or 100 Cinnamon Queen and Red Sex-Link birds from Cackle Hatchery at the same time. Finally there were 50 or so Americauna ordered from Cackle. These have proven time and again to be fragile birds who give up laying early in the fall. I don’t think we have gotten any blue eggs the whole month of October. The majority of the pullets we ordered were sold at 3 months and are still in use. All of these hatched in March of 2013 so it’s just time for them to go. We think it works well to order the replacement flock each spring then make soup with the old birds all winter (we don’t eat much soup in the summer).
There are a few others in the flock including the offspring of our original flock of New Hampshire birds which we plan to continue breeding.
The flock transition is a tough time for us. We plan for it each year, spending the spring brooding and the summer raising the replacement flock. When fall arrives we are usually flooded with tiny eggs that can be hard to sell but the reward for all that work arrives. We have fresh eggs and delicious soup all winter long.
Great idea to put a ruler to those eggs. What a difference! I’ve got a month to wait for pullet eggs of any size, and I’ve had no eggs for sale since the end of June, due to my poor planning for the transition between flocks. Not recommended business practice, for sure.
Interesting that your hybrids come in such a variety of colour – mine are always brown with light undersides. I guess it makes sense that there would be regional variation, since it all starts with individual breeders. I also find it interesting that a standard brown egg hybrid bird is called so many things, but again, I guess it’s just a regional thing. The hybrids I sometimes get used to always be called ISA Browns, but the last two years, the hatchery has also called them Sex Sal Links. http://www.rochesterhatchery.com/catal/p9.htm
Ha! Your greenhouse situation sounds like a simpler, less broken version of my hen house situation, and you’re right, once I got down to it, it was just chores. Good luck with yours.
Oh, the hybrid layer thing is very flavorful. I think Central Hatchery must be selling some sort of multi-cross bird. Some sort of F1 cross put to a purebred rooster of another breed. But auto-sexing chicks come from a variety of crosses. There are a number of crosses that result in auto-sexing and there are even a few auto-sexing breeds. Pretty fascinating stuff.
Wow, thanks for the links. I’m going to explore a bit. I knew fragments of this, like the sex link hybrids don’t breed true, but was kind of curious why hybrids and crosses are not the same thing.